Developed in Cooperation with the Law Firm of PilieroMazza PLLC

PilieroMazza is ScaleUP USA's Ecosystem Partner

Located in the nation’s capital, Washington DC, and in Boulder, Colorado, PilieroMazza has earned a reputation as one of the country’s most prominent law firms for companies doing business with the federal government. Their experience in government contracts law and SBA programs distinguish them from others in the legal community.

CARES Act: Small Business Workshop

A Video Program for Startups, Small, and Mid-Size Businesses Exploring to Apply for CARES Act Small Business Funding.

What is the CARES Act?

What are the loan programs available to small businesses?


  • There is the Economic Injury Disaster Loan Program and the Paycheck Protection Program.  
  • They both have different requirements


What are the program requirements?


  • SIZE: Both require you to be a small business, or under 500 employees to qualify, but the CARES Act specifies that more phases of assistance for mid-sized firms and others will be coming down the line.

  • AFFILIATION: Affiliation matters, you cannot just look at the size of your company unless you have an affiliation exemption (companies getting financial assistance from an SBIC, companies in NAICS 72 – Hotels and restaurants, generally, or those with a franchise identifier code from SBA).

  • NON- ELIGIBILITY: Certain entities are not eligible under SBA rules: 
    1. Financial businesses primarily engaged in the business of lending, such as banks, finance companies, and factors (pawn shops, although engaged in lending, may qualify in some circumstances);
    2. Passive businesses owned by developers and landlords that do not actively use or occupy the assets acquired or improved with the loan proceeds (except Eligible Passive Companies under § 120.111);
    3. Life insurance companies;
    4. Businesses located in a foreign country (businesses in the U.S. owned by aliens may qualify);
    5. Pyramid sales distribution plans;
    6. Businesses deriving more than one-third of gross annual revenue from legal gambling activities;
    7. Businesses engaged in any illegal activity (Cannabis firms likely not eligible);
    8. Private clubs and businesses which limit the number of memberships for reasons other than capacity;
    9. Government-owned entities (except for businesses owned or controlled by a Native American tribe);
    10. Businesses principally engaged in teaching, instructing, counseling or indoctrinating religion or religious beliefs, whether in a religious or secular setting;
    11. Loan packagers earning more than one-third of their gross annual revenue from packaging SBA loans;
    12. Businesses with an Associate who is incarcerated, on probation, on parole, or has been indicted for a felony or a crime of moral turpitude;
    13. Businesses in which the lender or CDC, or any of its Associates owns an equity interest;
    14. Businesses which: 
      • Present live performances of a prurient sexual nature; or
      • Derive directly or indirectly more than de minimis gross revenue through the sale of products or services, or the presentation of any depictions or displays, of a prurient sexual nature;

    15. Unless waived by SBA for good cause, businesses that have previously defaulted on a Federal loan or Federally assisted financing;
    16. Businesses primarily engaged in political or lobbying activities; and
    17. Speculative businesses (such as oil wildcatting).


How are they different?


  • EIDL: 
    1. The EIDL program allows for a $10k advance on the loan and will be forgiven, all other amounts are not forgivable and will have to be paid back. 
    2. Up to $2M to cover losses, term of 30 years at a rate of 3.75%.
    3. The EIDL loans paid out in 3 days
    4. Can be used to pay a wider range of expenses and debts
    5. No personal guarantees for loans less than $200K
  • PPP: 
    1. The PPP loan is 100% forgivable (except interest), however, to have full forgiveness you must meet various requirements.  Term of 2 years at 1% interest.
    2. Up to $10M or 2.5x your total payroll calculated as the average monthly payroll over the 12 months preceding the application, whichever is less.
    3. PPP loans may take a week or more to payout
    4. Can only be used to pay payroll (with limits) and covered the mortgage, rent, or utilities
    5. No collateral, personal guarantees, or any real underwriting.


What else should companies know?


  • How should small businesses prepare to apply for these programs?
  • Are there any specific documents required for submission by the small businesses?
  • How or by whom is the small business application processing done?
  • Are there specific challenges you are seeing for small businesses applying for this program?
  • There is speculation that this $350B fund will run out and additional funds will be added?
  • What are some of the issues that may need to be fixed in similar future funds? 


How do you know how much will be forgiven?


  • 100% of the loan can be forgiven but, there are ways forgiveness can be impacted.
  • You have to bring back your total employee count to be at least as high as it was prior to Feb 15, and, you have to completely eliminate any pay reductions.  All by June 30th.  If you fail to do so there will be deductions based upon a fairly complex calculation.
  • Also, any payroll amounts to pay individuals over $100K, on an annualized basis will not be forgivable.
  • Any pay reductions over 25% will also be deducted from any loan forgiveness.
  • If you fail to bring your employee count back to 100% there is also a formula for deductions.


Watch Interview | PilieroMazza PLLC

Isaias “Cy” Alba, Partner

  • 1

    Interview with ISAIAS "CY" ALBA, PilieroMazza PLLC

    • Important Disclaimers!

    • Introduction to the Program

    • CARES Act: Video Interview Workshop with Isaias "Cy" Alba IV

    • Explore Other Federal Grant and Contract Opportunities!

    • Resource 1: PilieroMazza | COVID-19 Client Resource Center Link

    • Resource 2: Creative Planning | COVID 19 Client Resource Center Link

    • Resource 3: Berkeley Law Center | CARES Act and Small Businesses Link

    • Resource 4: The Points Guy | Ultimate Guide to CARES Act for Small Businesses Link

    • Resource 5: Virginia Hispanic Chamber | Quick Guide to Apply for Loans

CARES Act: Small Business Workshop

Getting Answers for Questions Small Businesses are asking!

Isaias “Cy” Alba, Partner

Government Contracting Expert
PilieroMazza PLLC

Isaias “Cy” Alba counsels clients on a broad range of government contracting matters before government agencies and federal courts, which includes overall regulatory compliance with the Small Business Administration’s (SBA) small business programs. Mr. Alba represents small and mid-sized companies looking to structure compliant teaming, joint venture, and mentor-protégé agreements. He also handles the prosecution and defense of small business size and status protests; appeals before SBA and the Office of Hearings and Appeals; as well as bid protests before Government Accountability Office, the Court of Federal Claims, and the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit.

Mr. Alba's work for the firm's federal contractor clients also includes the preparation, negotiation, and prosecution of Contract Dispute Act claims, Requests for Equitable Adjustment, termination for convenience settlements; defense of suspensions and debarments; preparation of Organizational Conflict of Interest (OCI) mitigation plans; and counseling related to OCI issues, as well as Federal Acquisition Regulation/Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement data rights issues, IP licensing, copyright, and trademark issues.

Working closely with the Business & Corporate Group, Mr. Alba has extensive experience structuring mergers and acquisitions, corporate restructurings, and partner buyouts to ensure they meet the company’s needs and are compliant with federal procurement laws and regulations. Transactions typically range from small transactions to single acquisitions valued at $100M.

Mr. Alba counsels clients on certain International Traffic in Arms Regulations compliance issues and the preparation of technical assistance agreements and/or manufacturing licensing agreements for the export of defense articles and data. He also assists clients with employment-related issues and Service Contract Act matters.